public surveillance

"Surveillance of the public now extends well beyond video cameras to include vast systems of identification, data monitoring, and tracking. Public surveillance technologies are increasingly embedded in urban infrastructures, transportation systems, cell phones, identification documents, computer programs, televisions, medical and consumer products, and much more. Perceiving everyday technologies as “surveillance” requires a shift in dominant perspective, drawing attention away from supposedly isolated artifacts or experiences and toward larger socio-technical assemblages and power relations." Vanderbilt